ingilizce dersler   

DERS 56

HAVE & HAVE GOT  - HAVE &  TAKE

A)     Have & Have got

Sahiplik (iyelik) , ilişki, bağlantı ve bunlarla aynı anlama gelen şeyler zerinde konuşurken have veya have gotı kullanırız.

I have a house in eşme. Or  I have got a house in eşme. (eşmede bir evim var.) veya (ay hev e haus in eşme.) (I hev gat e haus in eşme.)

He has a lot of support for his actions. Or He has got a lot of support his actions. (Onun eylemleri iin ok destek var.) (hi hez e lat ov sıport for hiz ekşıns.) (hi hez gat a lat ov sıport for hiz ekşıns.)

I dont have anything on this weekend. Or I havent got anything on this weekend.  (Bu hafta sonu bir şey yok.) (ay dont hev eniting on diz vikend.) (ay hevınt gat eniting on diz vikend.)

Have i (have got ı kullanmayız) to-infinitive veya ing formlarda ve  kip belirteli fiillerden sonra kullanırız.

Do you want to have a drink? (Bir iki istermisiniz?) (du yu vant tu hev e dirink?)

He wont have that old bike for much longer. (O eski bisiklete daha fazla sahip olmayacak.) (hi vont hev det old bayk for ma longır.)

I find having no car very inconvenient. (Araban  olmamasını ok rahatsız edici buluyorum.) (ay find heving no kar veri inkınvinyınt.)

Have got ı kısa cevaplarda kullanmayız.

Have we got any cake left?  (Hi kekimiz kaldı mı?) (hev vi gat eni kek left?)

Yes, we have.

Gelecek veya gemişten konuşurken have got tan ziyade have kullanırız.

I will have time to do the work tomorrow. (Yarın işleri yapmak iin zamanım olacak.) (ay vil hev taym tu du dı vrk tumarrov.)

He has a racing bike. (Onun yarış bisikleti var.) (hi hez e reysing bayk.)

She had a car when she was 22. (O 22 yaşındayken arabası vardı.) (şi hed e kar ven ş ivaz tvenitu.)

Have got ve havein , getin anlamının elde etmek, sağlamak, karşılamak, almak şeklinde olduğunda  to-infinitive veya ing form şeklinde kip belirteli fiillerden sonra gemiş ve gelecek zamanda kullanabiliriz.

I could have got much more for the painting if Id sold it overseas. (Eğer onu deniz aşırı satabilseydim,tablo iin  daha fazla elde edebilirdim.) (ay kuld hev gat ma mor for dı peyintingif ay vud sold it ovırsiiz.)

She asked me where I had got my dress from.  (Bana elbisemi nereden aldığımı sordu.) (şi askd mi ver ay gat may dıres fırom.)

I hope you will get your answers by tomorrow. (Umarım yarın cevaplarınızı alacaksınız.) (ay hop yu vil get yor ansırs bay tumarrov.)

B)      Have & Take

Have + noun ı bir hareketi, eylemi tanımlarken kullanırız.

They argued. Or  They had an argument. (Kavga ettiler.) (de argud.) (dey hed en argumınt.)

I slept. Or I had a sleep. (Uyudum.)  (ay sılept.)(ay hed e silip.)

Have ile kullanılan başka isimlerde vardır:

Have : a chat, an effect, a dance, a meal, a fall, a quarrel, a say, a wash, a talk, something to eat, a word .

Bazı isimlerle ise have değil take kullanırız: care, a chance, a desicion, a photo, power, a risk, responsibility, the trouble.

John is here now. Would you like me to take a message? (John şu an burada. Mesajınızı almamı istermisiniz?) (con iz hiyır.Vud yu layk mi tu teyk e mesıc?)

Calm down! Take a deep breath and tell me what happened. (Sakin ol! Derin bir nefes al ve bana ne olduğunu syle.) (kalm davn! Teyk e dip bıret end tel mi vat hepınd.)

Bazı isimlerle ise have veya takei kullanabiliriz fakat take daha resmidir: a break, a bath, an exam/a test, a holiday, a guess, a nap, a look, a sip, a shower, a stroll, a swim.

Would you like to have a walk with me Sarah? (or take a walk) (Benimle yrmek ister misin Sarah?) (vud yu layk tu hev e volk vit mi sera?)

Complete these sentences with an appropriate form of have got or have.

1)      I.your office number. Ill phone you tomorrow.

2)      I expected that you will..my letter by now.

3)      We put up our tent in the field,..permission from the farmer.

4)      Have you stil got that old car of yours? Yes, I.. .

5)      She was about call Mary when she suddenlya better idea.

ANSWERS: 1) have got/have  2) having 3) having got 4) have 5) had

Complete these sentences with an appropriate form of have or take an done of these nouns.

a sip       care    a dislike     a stroll     a word     a holiday 

1)      Mr. Harold, may .with you,please.

2)      I..to Johns new girlfriend the moment I met her.

3)      After dinner yesterday wearound the park.

4)      Can you.of Dora on Sunday while I go shopping?

5)      Heof his tea, but it was stil too hot to drink.

6)      She felt much better after she had..in the sun.

7)      If you are thinking to rent the house, come and ..around.

 

ANSWERS

1)      have a word 2) took a dislike  3) took/had a stroll 4) take care 5) took/had a sip  6) taken/ had a holiday  7) take/ have a look

 

Bugn Ne ğrendik?

Support: Destek (sıport)

Action: Hareket, eylem  (ekşın)

Inconvenient: Rahatsız edici, sıkıcı,uygun olmayan,elverişsiz (inkınvinyınt)

Overseas: Deniz aşırı (ovırsiiz)

Take a bath/have a bath : Yıkanmak , banyo yapmak (teyk e bath/hev e bath)

Take a chance: riske girmek (teyk e ens)

Take a photo: fotoğraf ekmek (teyk e foto)

Take an exam/have an exam: sınava girmek (teyk en ekzam/hev en ekzam)

Take a holiday/have a holiday: izne ıkmak, tatile ıkmak (teyk e holidey/hev e holidey)

Take a test/have a test: Test olmak  (teyk e test/hev e test)

Have a meal: yemek yemek (hev e miyıl)

Take a shower/have a shower: duş almak (teyk e şavır/hev e şavır)

Take a risk: risk almak (teyk e risk)

Take a look/have a look: bakmak (teyk e luk/hev e luk)

Have an effect: etkiye sahip olmak (hev en efekt)

Have a fall: dşmek (hev e fol)

Have a quarrel: ağız dalaşı, ağız kavgası etmek (hev e kvorıl)

Take a desicion: karar almak (teyk e desişın)

Take power: G almak (teyk pavır)

Take responsibility: sorumluluk almak (teyk responsibiliti)

Take the trouble:  bela almak,sıkıntı almak, sorun almak (teyk dı tırabıl)

Take a deep breath: derin bir nefes almak (teyk e dip bıret)

Take a sip/have a sip : Bir yudum almak (teyk e sip/hev e sip)

Have a guess: Tahmin etmek (hev e ges)

Have a stroll/take a stroll: Dolaşmak, gezintiye ıkmak (hev e sıtrol/teyk e sıtrol)

Take a nap/have a nap: Şekerleme yapmak, kestirmek  (teyk e nep/hev e nep)

Take a break/have a break: ara vermek (teyk e bırek/hev e bırek)

Suddenly: Aniden (sadınli)

Tent : adır (tent)

Permission: İzin (permişın)

Farmer : ifti (Farmır)

Rent: Kira ile tutmak,kiralamak (rent)

 


Ingilizce.com Ders Seti Index


Beginner
  1. Ingilizce cmle Yapısı
  2. A ve An
  3. Demonstrative Pronouns
  4. Greetings - Selamlasmak
  5. Names - Isimler
  6. Where are you from?  Nerelisiniz?
  7. Alphabet - Alfabe
  8. There is / There are - Vardır
  9. Some / Any - Bazı
  10. Countable Nouns
  11. Possessives
  12. Colors
  13. Numbers
  14. Imperatives
  15. Imperatives (2)
  16. How many?
  17. Time
  18. Days of the week
  19. Simple Present Tense
  20. Simple Present Tense(2)
  21. To be
  22. Simple Past Tense
  23. Be going to
  24. Simple Future Tense
  25. Can & Can't                              TEST
Elementary
  1. At It On
  2. Have Got
  3. Directions
  4. Subject Pronouns
  5. Must
  6. Adjectives
  7. Gerunds
  8. Frequency Adverbs
  9. Would Like
  10. Conditionals
  11. Be & To-be
  12. Simple Past Tense
  13. Present Continuous Tense
  14. Present Perfect Tense
  15. Simple Future Tense                TEST

 

Intermediate
  1. Tenses
  2. Since / For
  3. Present Perfect Continuous
  4. Present Perfect Tense
  5. Past Perfect Continuous
  6. Going to
  7. Future Continuous
  8. Future Perfect Tense
  9. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
  10. Too / Enough
  11. Would / Could                              TEST
Advanced
  1. Wish / If
  2. As
  3. As If
  4. Linking Verbs
  5. Have /  Have Got
  6. Do Make
  7. Passive
  8. Passives (2)
  9. Questions
  10. Adjectives
  11. Gradable Adjectives
  12. Adverbs
  13. Prepositions After Adjectives
  14. Comparison with Adjectives
  15. Comparison with Adjectives(2)
  16. Prepositions after Verbs
  17. It and What
  18. Phrasal Verbs
  19. Phrasal Verbs(2)                             TEST

 

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